Baltic Coastal Ecosystems: Structure, Function and Coastal by Gerald Schernewski, Ulrich Schiewer

By Gerald Schernewski, Ulrich Schiewer

Between November 20 and 23, 2000, the workshop "Baltic Coastal Ecosystems - constitution, functionality and Coastal sector administration" happened in Rostock, Ger­ many. The workshop was once organised by way of the Institute of Aquatic Ecology of the college of Rostock and the Baltic Sea study Institute Warnemiinde on be­ 1/2 the Wissenschafts-Verbund Umwelt (WVU) on the college of Rostock. It used to be the 3rd trans-disciplinary occasion that attempted to hyperlink ecological and socio­ least expensive facets with admire to the Baltic Sea. the 1st symposium used to be held in 1992, entitled "The way forward for the Baltic Sea - Ecology, Economics, Administra­ tion and Teaching", and the second one occasion came about in 1996, entitled "Sustainable improvement in Coastal areas - a comparability among North Atlantic Coast and Baltic Sea". The workshop "Baltic Coastal Ecosystems - constitution, functionality and Coastal quarter administration" attempted to supply an interdisciplinary discussion board for discussions, the trade of rules and the presentation of medical effects with admire to the Bal­ tic coast.

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Ver. Neuvorpommern und Rugen 23: 99-156 Hoppe E, Pankow H (1968) Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Vegetation der Boddengewasser sudlich der Halbinsel Zingst und des Bocks (sudliche Ostsee). Natur u. Naturschutz in Mecklenburg 6: 139-151 KrUger K, Meyer PF (1937) Biologische Untersuchungen in der Wismarschen Bueht. Zeitschr. f. Fischerei und deren Hilfswissenschaften 5: 665-703 Kunzenbach R (1955) Uber die Algenvegetation d. Ostsee und der Boddengewasser urn Hiddensee. R. 5: 372-388 Lemmermann E (1901) Zur Kenntnis der Algenflora des Saaler Boddens.

Very important are the reduction of the DIN input and a further enhancement of the self-purification capacity of the ecosystem. g. by the re-establishment of biofilter plateaus in the Fitt, the shallow southern parts of the Zingster Strom, and by the enhancement of the water exchange rate between the western and eastern parts of the bodden system in connection with the reconstruction of the Meiningen Bridge. Three-stage sewage treatment plants will be needed to eliminate "hot spots"; low-tech sewage treatment plants are to be developed and built to cope with sources of smaller loads inside the catchment area; adequate land use and the precautionary principle need to be developed and applied to the catchment area.

The polymictic shallow-water bodden are strongly influenced by freshwater supply, wind-induced water movements and exchange processes with the Baltic Sea, thus causing a horizontal salinity gradient with highest values in the outer parts and lowest values in the inner parts of the bodden. Through the high ratio of sediment surface to water volume, sediments play an important role in the nutrient balance in the bodden. Sedimentation and resuspension frequently occur, which underlines the intensive cycling of matter between water and sediments.

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