By Maggie O'Neill
Problems with asylum, migration, humanitarian security and integration/belonging are of becoming curiosity past the disciplinary components of refugee experiences, migration, and social coverage. Rooted in additional than 20 years of scholarship, this e-book makes use of serious social conception and participatory, biographical and humanities dependent tools with asylum seekers, refugees and rising groups to discover the dynamics of the asylum-migration-community nexus. It argues that inter-disciplinary research is needed to accommodate the complexity of the problems concerned and bargains figuring out as praxis (purposeful knowledge), drawing upon cutting edge participatory, arts established, performative and coverage suitable examine.
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In Bauman’s terms, this sociopolitical, cultural and economic context (liquid modernity driven by global consumer capitalism) is responsible for the creation of an excess of ‘human waste’ (literally, the excess consumption that embodies consumer capitalism leads to enormous quantities of human waste) and ‘wasted lives’, marked in contemporary times by redundancies, lifelong unemployment and asylum seekers and refugees fleeing war, conflict, destruction of homes and livelihoods. Wasted lives, published in 2004, develops this key theme in Bauman’s work.
For example, the shift from ‘career’ to ‘short-term projects’ and ‘portfolios’, where success is for now, rather than built on a foundation that develops in time. In this sense Bauman speaks of life fragmented into ‘lateral rather than vertical orientations’; we speak of portfolios, no longer careers but a series of jobs (Bauman, 2007, p 3). Finally, the responsibility for such shifts and changes are placed ‘onto the shoulders of individuals – who are now expected to be “free choosers” and to bear in full the consequences of their choices’ (Bauman, 2007, pp 3-4; emphasis added).
It also resonates with Nancy’s (1991, 2000) theories on community as ‘being-together’ (Nancy, 1991, p 80),‘being-in-common’ (Nancy, 1991, p 69), and ‘being-with’ (Nancy, 1991, p 103) (see Chapter Two, this volume). Asylum and the ‘deviant other’ Europeanisation of restrictive asylum policy, geopolitical changes since September 11 2001, and EU enlargement have heightened security concerns about unregulated migration and porous borders. And, as identified by Schuster and Solomos (1999, p 3), the evolution of a ‘race’ relations framework has provided a central axis for the development of asylum policy in the UK: ‘Anti-immigration rhetoric, short-term electoralism and concerns over mounting welfare budgets are the immediate context for the increased saliency of asylum in the domestic policy agenda’ (Griffiths et al, 2005, p 3).