Armies In Lebanon 1982-84 by Sam Katz, Lee E Russell, Ronald Volstad

By Sam Katz, Lee E Russell, Ronald Volstad

Armies In Lebanon 1982-84 [Osprey Men-at-Arms one hundred sixty five] КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Автор: Sam Katz & Lee E. Russell: Название: Armies In Lebanon 1982-84 [Osprey Men-at-Arms 165]:Серия: Osprey Men-at-Arms 165:Издательство: Osprey Publishing Ltd:Страниц: 49:Язык: Английский: Год: 1985:Формат: pdf в rar:Размер: 6,9 Mb:Для сайта: www.mirknig.comОписание (About this book): The Lebanese Civil battle of 1975-76 triggered 80,000 lifeless and absolutely break up the rustic alongside factional strains. An predicted 50 diversified militias got here into lifestyles, and acts of violence have been either person and collective. in the middle of this explosive surroundings, cross-border clash among Israel and Lebanon intensified, culminating in Operation Peace for Galilee - the invasion of Lebanon. This ebook bargains a daily account of the invasion and the following siege of Beirut, an operation that led to either the PLO and Israel claiming victory. a number of photos and color plates painting the uniforms and gear of the Israeli, Palestinian and Multi-National forces. eighty five

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While the upper strata further enriched themselves and engaged in conspicuous consumption, the peasantry, whose security and incomes actually declined, were made to carry the heaviest burdens of modernisation. Capitalist disruption of agrarian society stimulated peasant land hunger and made landless peasants and small holders threatened by landlord encroachment “available” for political mobilisation by radical counterelites. Workers benefited little from the industrial expansion: in 1956, the profits of industry were 2 1/2 times its wage bill.

Arabism became the most compelling integrating bond which alone had the power to compete with powerful sub-state loyalties in an heterogeneous artificial state. The Sunni Muslim majority (69% of the population) in the cities and central plains constituted a core whose THE FORMATION OF MODERN SYRIA 19 initial Islamic, local and tribal identities were compatible with and, among the educated classes, transmuted into secular Arabism, although a differentiated Islamic identity persisted, institutionalised in the Muslim Brotherhood.

In the class conflicts of the fifties, radical Arab nationalism propelled movements cutting across Sunniminority sectarian lines; however, in the intra-regime conflicts after the Ba’th party came to power, minority groups often tended to fall back on solidarity with fellow sectarians. Arabism was profoundly ambivalent for state building in Syria. As much as 10% of the population was non-Arab, including the large Kurdish (8%) community concentrated on the north-eastern borders and in their own quarter of Damascus, and small groups of Turkomans, Armenians, and Jews.

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