By Matthew W. Crocker, Martin Pickering, Charles Clifton Jr
The architectures and mechanisms underlying language processing shape one very important a part of the final constitution of cognition. This booklet, written by way of top specialists within the box, brings jointly linguistic, mental, and computational views on a number of the primary matters. numerous normal introductory chapters supply overviews on very important psycholinguistic study frameworks and spotlight either shared assumptions and arguable concerns. next chapters discover syntactic and lexical mechanisms, the interplay of syntax and semantics in language realizing, and the consequences for cognitive structure.
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Extra resources for Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing
Garnsey, S. (1994). Semantic influences on parsing: Use of thematic role information in syntactic disambiguation. Journal of Memory and Language 33, 285-318. , & Kello, C. (1993). Verb-specific constraints in sentence processing: Separating effects of lexical preference from garden-paths. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 19, 528-553. D. (1977). The on-line effects of semantic context on syntactic processing. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 16, 683-692.
This suggests an interesting difference between types of construction. 3 Unbounded Dependencies An unbounded dependency occurs in the question in (12): (12) Which man do you believe Mary loves a lot? Such dependencies also occur in other constructions like relative clauses, topicalizations and z7-clefts. Sentences like (12) are of great linguistic interest, because they present a serious challenge to simple accounts of the syntax of language. The problem is that the phrase which man is a long way from the verb loves, even though they stand in a close linguistic relationship.
The structurally preferred analysis resulted in reading times that were as fast as the fully ambiguous case, and faster than the structurally dispreferred analysis. 2 Crossover Experiments A second method for investigating the single/multiple-analysis question is also basically simple. Most research on the limits of "garden pathing" demonstrates that some factor of content or context reduces or eliminates disruption for the normally dispreferred sentence form. Little research has explored the effects of the same factor on the form that is normally preferred.