Anna Freud, Melanie Klein and the Psychoanalysis of Children by Alex Holder

By Alex Holder

The valuable subject of the ebook is worried with a transparent differentiation among baby research right and analytical baby psychotherapy, and a close account of the controversies on approach among Anna Freud and Melanie Klein within the Twenties and Nineteen Thirties. It takes under consideration the historic historical past opposed to which baby psychoanalysis built, specifically international battle II and the Nazi regime in Germany. the writer additionally seems to be on the method baby research constructed in particular associations, similar to The Hampstead baby treatment path in London, and in particular components comparable to the unfold of kid research within the US. The concluding bankruptcy is at the significance of data of kid research between analysts operating with adults. the diversities within the theories of the 2 "greats" in baby research, Anna Freud and Melanie Klein, are tested one after the other, together with such strategies because the position of transference, the Oedipus advanced and the superego.

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Extra resources for Anna Freud, Melanie Klein and the Psychoanalysis of Children and Adolescents: Applications, Settings and Controversies

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70). Hug-Hellmuth appears only marginally in Young-Bruehl’s biography of Anna Freud. This includes a brief reference to her first publication, on “play therapy”, dating from 1914 (Young-Bruehl, 1988, p. , p. 72), and finally the comment that Hug-Hellmuth, as a child analyst in Vienna, was Anna Freud’s only predecessor: Hug-Hellmuth had updated her prewar work on play therapy with an extended paper at the 1920 Hague Congress, which Anna Freud had heard. She also reported to the Vienna Society on her play sessions with children, usually in their homes; but it was left to Holder correx 22 111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 711 8 9 20 1 2 3 4 511 6 7 8 9 311 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 911 5/5/05 6:21 PM Page 22 PSYCHOANALYSIS OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS Melanie Klein and Anna Freud to turn this play technique into a properly psychoanalytic method.

47–53). Before this, Anna Freud had been one of the co-founders of The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, an annual publication that first appeared in 1945 and whose first editorial team included renowned analysts from the USA and the UK (Otto Fenichel, Phyllis Greenacre, Heinz Hartmann, Edith B. Jackson, Ernst Kris, Lawrence S. Kubie, Bertram D. Lewin, Marian C. Putnam, and René A. Spitz from the USA, and Anna Freud, Willi Hoffer, and Edward Glover from the UK). It became the principal English-language publication for contributions by child analysts from every country in the world, and remains so today.

The analyst has no agenda or own specific theme to focus on other than to follow what the child is bringing into the session and the relationship with the analyst. [. —the agenda is in the hands of the other, and we have to call this work something else than psychoanalysis. ] Later he makes another attempt to characterize a difference between child analysis and child psychotherapy: But you can make the choice to work in another way and not try to retrieve hidden parts of the personality but rather to try to increase the balance, to train the conscious thinking and awareness, support the capacity to sort out and handle the impact of internal reality.

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