An Ocean in Common: American Naval Officers, Scientists, and by Gary E. Weir

By Gary E. Weir

Via international conflicts and the chilly conflict, the USA army and American ocean scientists drew nearer, changing a wedding of necessity right into a dating of accomplishment. starting in 1919, this examine strains the 1st forty two years in their joint quest to appreciate one another and the deep ocean.

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Additional info for An Ocean in Common: American Naval Officers, Scientists, and the Ocean Environment (Williams-Ford Texas A&M University Military History Series)

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S. involvement in international scientiWc meetings, by encouraging independent scientiWc investigation in pursuit of conference goals, and by supporting the Maury research program. In October, the committee resolved in a communication to Secretary Wilbur that the navy should Wnancially support the Carnegie Institution’s eVort to resume the observations of electrical and terrestrial magnetic phenomenon on board the R/ V Carnegie. 16 The committee also asked the secretary to request that President Calvin Coolidge institute more liberal policy toward the participation of government scientists in international conferences.

Thereafter, the work could expand into the PaciWc with an initial emphasis on the northern portions of that ocean. Universities, research institutions, and the federal government could together provide the balance of the expedition’s requirements. A group of specialists assigned to the problem during the ICO estimated that instruments and equipment would cost $50,000, with the navy, other federal agencies, and private institutions sharing the burden. They envisioned a scientiWc staV of at least nine: an oceanographer, biologist, geologist, and a minimum of six technicians and assistants.

He noted that even the great British Challenger Expedition only provided a limited amount of information on the contour of the ocean bottom. With the SDF developed by Hayes and his EES team, navy and civilian scientists could explore, for the Wrst time, the topography of the ocean Xoor. The exciting possibility of examining the American continental borders and the PaciWc rim, with their intriguing volcanic and seismic activity, suddenly presented itself. He also noted the abundance of marine life in these same regions.

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