By Jung-yao Lu
The comparative research of old linguistics specializes in reconstructing historic styles in response to diachronic files and typological facts from a number of languages or dialects in a language staff. the last word goal of the comparative reconstruction which calls for major cross-linguistic commentary and theoretical reasoning is to illustrate the ancient technique of language adjustments. This booklet considers the diachronic improvement of either the chinese and the Naxi language, focusing really upon six contentious linguistic matters which are linked to a number of linguistic adjustments in such a lot components of the grammar of those languages, together with phonological adjustments, semantic alterations, syntactic adjustments, and contact-induced alterations. those linguistic matters are: tonal splits in proto-checked syllables and subgrouping of Loloish; the semantic improvement of go back in chinese language; the semantic improvement of soak up chinese language; the improvement of agentive passive markers in yes dialects of chinese language; definiteness and nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in chinese language; and the improvement of nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in Naxi. This quantity offers new tools and views during which those concerns might be analyzed and resolved at the foundation of typological and diachronic facts. It makes use of cross-linguistic facts from chinese language and the Tibeto-Burman languages with a purpose to reconstruct numerous diachronic advancements in chinese language and Naxi.
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Furthermore, other groups called “White Lolo” or “Tonkin Lolo,” who live in Vietnam (as reported by Bradley (1979:52)), are not included due to the shortage of data at hand. Therefore, I will provide comparative data for five dialects of Yi: the Northern Yi dialect of Xide (ௌᗧ); the Western Yi dialect of Weishan (ᏽኡ); the Central Yi dialect of Nanhua (ই ॾ); the Eastern Yi dialect of Wuding (↖ᇊ) and Luquan (⾴); and the Southeastern Yi dialect of Sani (ቬ), Mile (ᕕं) and Lunan (䐟ই). 19. 20. The reconstructed proto-forms of these words rely on two sources.
Even though their conclusions about the genetic position of Naxi could be right, it is very difficult for me to agree or disagree with them because of those uncertainties. 3. Tonal splits in Lolo-Burmese *checked syllables In this section, the data will show that all of the patterns of tonal splits including “regularity,” “flip-flop,” “irregularity,” and “un-split” occur in Lolo-Burmese. The patterns, such as “regularity,” “flip-flop,” and “irregularity” are found in Yi and Loloish. Note that the Yi language is a part of Loloish.
In 1997 and 2008, he further argues that Naxi belongs in an independent language branch called “Na-Qiangic” within a larger Burmo-Qiangic branch of Sino-Tibetan (Jacques & Michaud 2011:6). To demonstrate Bradley’s genetic relationship between Nahsi and *L, it is necessary to define a language called “Proto-Naish” (Bradley’s terminology) which is the parent language of Naxi and Mosuo. 2, the common ancestor “Proto-Burmo-Qiangic” of both *LB and *Na-Qiangic can be subdivided into four language branches: Proto-Loloish, Proto-Burmish, Proto-Naish, and Proto-Qiangic.