By Clive Matthews
Study into typical Language Processing - using desktops to strategy language - has built during the last couple of a long time into probably the most energetic and fascinating parts of present paintings on language and conversation. This ebook introduces the topic in the course of the dialogue and improvement of assorted computing device courses which illustrate many of the uncomplicated techniques and strategies within the box. The programming language used is Prolog, that is specially well-suited for common Language Processing and people with very little historical past in computing.
Following the overall creation, the 1st element of the ebook offers Prolog, and the next chapters illustrate how quite a few usual Language Processing courses will be written utilizing this programming language. because it is thought that the reader has no earlier adventure in programming, nice care is taken to supply an easy but finished advent to Prolog. end result of the 'user pleasant' nature of Prolog, uncomplicated but potent courses should be written from an early level. The reader is steadily brought to numerous strategies for syntactic processing, starting from Finite nation community recognisors to Chart parsers. An fundamental part of the e-book is the excellent set of workouts integrated in every one bankruptcy as a method of cementing the reader's figuring out of every subject. advised solutions also are provided.
An advent to normal Language Processing via Prolog is a superb creation to the topic for college kids of linguistics and desktop technology, and should be particularly worthy for people with no history within the subject.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Natural Language Processing Through PROLOG (Learning About Language)
The optimality-theoretic grammars are important for Chapter 3 SelfMonitoring because they also form the basis for the requisite proofs which 1 Joan Bresnan’s optimality theoretic LFG (Bresnan, 2000; 2001) is a successful reformulation of LFG in optimality theory. The account of Dutch, German, and English below is strongly influenced by Gazdar et al. (1985) and, with some charity, could be seen as a translation of Generalised Phrase Structure Grammar into optimality theory. The treatment of Grimshaw (1997) is optimality-theoretic syntax with much influence from Government and Binding.
The speaker strategy of monitoring her own production in order to make the intended reading the most probable one for the production is the most important innovation of this book. Monitoring is part of bidirectional optimisation as in Smolensky (1996) and Blutner (2000): every production is monitored for being interpretable as the input for the production. Unfortunately, that is not good enough for coordination in the face of ambiguity. Bidirectional optimisation fails empirically if its bidirectional constraint systems fail to capture the substantial ambiguity of natural language.
The strategy of exposition is however picking one linearisation of the components and to provide all the information about the component at the point where the component is explained, even when the motivation cannot be fully understood at that point. This is not a brilliant strategy, but I have not been able to come up with anything better. The following brief description of the remaining chapters should also help with this problem. Chapter 2 Syntax has the general goal of providing an account of rulebased syntax that would be learnable, can emerge in language evolution, allows for typological interpretation and can be seen to give rise to a linear production algorithm that also works on partial interpretations.