American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science by John Krige

By John Krige

In 1945, the U.S. was once not just the most powerful fiscal and army strength on this planet; it was once additionally the world's chief in technology and expertise. In American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of technology in Europe, John Krige describes the efforts of influential figures within the usa to version postwar clinical practices and associations in Western Europe on these in the US. They mobilized political and monetary aid to advertise not only America's medical and technological agendas in Western Europe yet its chilly conflict political and ideological agendas as well.Drawing at the paintings of diplomatic and cultural historians, Krige argues that this try out at clinical dominance by means of the usa could be noticeable as a kind of "consensual hegemony," concerning the collaboration of influential neighborhood elites who shared American values. He makes use of this suggestion to investigate a chain of case reviews that describe how the united states management, senior officials within the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, the NATO technology Committee, and influential contributors of the medical establishment--notably Isidor I. Rabi of Columbia college and Vannevar Bush of MIT--tried to Americanize medical practices in such fields as physics, molecular biology, and operations study. He information U.S. help for associations together with CERN, the Niels Bohr Institute, the French CNRS and its laboratories at Gif close to Paris, and the never-established "European MIT." Krige's research indicates how consensual hegemony in technology not just served the pursuits of postwar eu reconstruction yet turned differently of preserving American management and "making the area secure for democracy."

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Bernardini, visiting Isidor I. 37 million, and the building was packed with surplus war material, including 750 radio generators. Nor did there seem much hope of the situation in Italy improving soon. ” Another consultant agreed.

Sporadic interruptions of the flow of traffic into Berlin that had begun in March were escalated into a fullscale blockade. Electricity and coal supplies were cut off in the city and access to it by road and water corridors through the Soviet zone of the country was progressively impeded and then stopped altogether. Washington and London refused to be intimidated: it was deemed essential to divide Germany, notwithstanding Soviet anger and French anxieties. The “Berlin airlift” got under way. Beginning on 26 June 1948 and lasting until May the following year, American and British pilots supplied twoand-a-half million people in the Western zone of the city with an average of about 5,500 tons of basic necessities every day.

The United States was prepared to extend political and military aid to Europe, but only conditionally. 41 As noted, the National Assembly did so by a hairsbreadth in June 1948. Second, Congress had to be assured that Europe was not just expecting military handouts: there had to be signs of burden sharing. ”42 The United States would study the estimates of supplementary assistance needed and react accordingly. 43 Two main considerations informed these demands for the enlargement of the Western Union.

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