Alchemists of Human Nature - Psychological Utopianism in by Petteri Pietikainen

By Petteri Pietikainen

This can be the 1st book-length research of Modernist utopias of the brain. Pietikainen examines the psychodynamic writings of Otto Gross, C G Jung, Wilhelm Reich and Erich Fromm. when they broke from Freud and orthodox psychoanalysis, Pietikainen argues, utopianism turned more and more very important to the elemental targets of all 4 thinkers. He indicates how Gross' "Matriarchal Communism", Jung's "Archetypal Cosmos", Reich's "Orgonomic Functionalism" and Fromm's "Socialist Humanism" have been makes an attempt to reshape social constructions and human relatives by means of conquering the subconscious. Pietikainen areas the 'utopian impulse' with the old context of the big, violent socio-political narratives of the early 20th century. This leading edge interdisciplinary publication contributes to ongoing scholarly discussions concerning the historicity as opposed to the universality of human nature.

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In anarchist thought, humans would obey moral rules in 30 Alchemists of Human Nature a free society not because they fear the sanctions awaiting norm-breakers, nor because they calculate that such obedience is useful in the procedural, utilitarian sense, but rather because they believe, intuitively or otherwise, that human flourishing requires a commitment to objectively valid moral imperatives that guide our thoughts and behaviour. And the reason people in a free society would be spontaneously committed to such a moral order is that their ‘positive freedom’ renders possible the actualization of their authentic selves, the two elements of which are virtue and rationality.

One medical protocol tells the story of a young woman who was a zealous member of the Russian Communist Party. During the Civil War, she had been captured near the front-line by a group of anti-Bolshevik Kazakhs, who had raped her. Now she suffered from mental disturbances, such as constant anguish, desperation, feelings of emptiness, nervous excitability, disturbed sleep, shivering, trembling and so forth. She had been expelled from the Communist Party as a ‘useless element’ and was about to leave for her home town.

He was a pre-eminent scientist and a Nobel laureate, and did not have to grovel before the new Bolshevik authorities. Trotsky and perhaps other prestigious Bolsheviks may have entertained hopes of enlisting Pavlov in the great experiment of remaking human nature, but apparently the elderly physiologist was not interested (in the 1930s, however, the scientific patriarch became more accommodating to the political elite23). The Fall of Psychoanalysis After Lenin’s death in January 1924, the intensifying battle for control of the Communist Party made the future of psychoanalysis in the Soviet Union extremely uncertain.

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