By H A Jäschke
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Additional info for A Tibetan-English dictionary, with special reference to the prevailing dialects. To which is added an English-Tibetan vocabulary
The position of the adverb does not necessarily change word order. 3. Negators in Arabic: Maa + perfective tense (ma daras alwalad jayiidan) [Tense: past] Lam + imperfective (lam yadrus alwalad jayyidan) [Tense: past] Laa + imperfective (laa yadrus alwalad jayyidan) [Tense: present] Lan + imperfective (lan yadrus alwalad jayyidan) [Tense: future] Laysa + equative sentence (alwalad laysa Taalib) [Tense: present] Therefore, as we can see, though the negator always precedes the predicator of the sentence, its form is very much dependent on the form of the verb after it.
4. 4 Lexical entries for the lematta “give” give: conceptual specification: conceptual arguments: syntactic category: grammatical functions: relations to COMP: lexical pointer: diacritic features: CAUSE (X, (GOposs (Y, (FROM/TO (X, Z))))) (X, Y, Z) V (SUBJ, DO, IO) none 713 tense aspect mood person number pitch accent Source: From Pienemann (1998: 63) Therefore, conceptual arguments of the word “give” are well defined in the lexicon, and in the process of language production these conceptual arguments have to be mapped into grammatical functions.
Larsen-Freeman & Long (1991) criticize the model for lacking an identification mechanism for features variation. These shortcomings of the multidimensional model prompted Pienemann, one of the researchers on the ZISA project, to propose the processability theory (Pienemann 1998) as a more comprehensive and universal framework of SLA. Processability theory Overview Processability theory assumes a hierarchy of language-processing procedures that underlie language production. Based on this encoding hierarchy, predictions can be made about which language structures are accessible for processing and then production.