A reference grammar of Korean by Samuel Elmo Martin

By Samuel Elmo Martin

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Win'. 4. Consonant descriptions. The lax obstruents are weakly articulated; in initial position they are released with a slight puff of local breath (in contrast with the heavy breathing of the aspirates) but are less tense than their English counterparts: [b'] for p···. Between typically voiced sounds (vowels or semivowels, nasals, the liquid), the lax consonants are lightly voiced in rapid speech, as [a:nda] for anta 'knows'. , automatically represent the phoneme strings /pkk/, /kss/, etc.

Ksayk. �ta. Some speakers devoice the mid and low vowels in the same environment: haksayng, saykssi, thokki, thepthephata. But if 0 there is only one vowel in the phrase it is usually voiced:sip, huk,swuch; hak, thek. 3. The pseudo-vowel uy. The spelling uy is preserved from an earlier stage of the language, when ey and ay were diphthongs and wi was pronounced wuy [ui]. At that time uy was pronounced [ii], but with the monophthongization of the other diphthongs uy, too, was monophthongized to /u(:)/ or /i(:)/, depending on the dialect.

Between typically voiced sounds (vowels or semivowels, nasals, the liquid), the lax consonants are lightly voiced in rapid speech, as [a:nda] for anta 'knows'. , automatically represent the phoneme strings /pkk/, /kss/, etc. 6). The lax consonants p t k occur in syllable-final position and there they are unvoiced and unreleased [f il- 1881 Ridel was quite hesitant about the voiced allophones of the lax consonants: "sometimes ... but not ordinarily" voiced. The aspirated consonants are begun with a lax articulation (contrary to some descriptions), frequently velarized, and followed with heavy aspiration that is often accompanied by velar friction: [bha] or [bxa].

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