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Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A background of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English old writing, is now being reissued. during this ultimate quantity, Runciman examines the revival of the Frankish state on the time of the 3rd campaign until eventually its cave in a century later. The interwoven issues of the publication contain: Christiandom, the substitute of the classy Ayubites through the fewer sympathetic Mameluks as chief of the Moslem international, and the arrival of the Mongols. He features a bankruptcy on structure and the humanities, and an epilogue at the final manifestations of the Crusading spirit.
Read or Download A History of the Crusades: Volume 3, The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades PDF
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Extra info for A History of the Crusades: Volume 3, The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades
Three days of respite from fighting was arranged, and it was agreed that the meeting should take place on the plain between the camps, when the Kings of England and France both fell suddenly ill. It was the sickness that the Franks called arnaldia, a fever that caused the hair and the nails to fall out. Philip' s attack was mild, but Richard was seriously ill for some days. But he directed operations from his sick-bed, instructing where the great catapults that he had brought should be placed, and ordering the construction of a great wooden tower, like the Mategrifon that he had built at Messina.
It was a cheap and easy way of obtaining the fortresses. His chivalry went further. When Stephanie, lady of Oultrejourdain, failed to persuade her garrisons at Kerak and Montreal to give themselves up in order that her son, Humphrey of Toron, might be released, Saladin returned him to her even before the obstinate castles were taken by storm. The price of King Guy's release was to have been Ascalon. But the citizens there, ashamed of their King's selfishness, refused to honour his undertaking. Ascalon now had fallen; and so ~een Sibylla wrote again and again to Saladin, begging him to give her back her husband.
It was in an atmosphere of general good-will that Philip sailed with all his men from Messina on 30 March. een Eleanor and Princess Berengaria arrived there. Eleanor remained only three days with her son, then left for England, travelling by way of Rome, in order to do some business for him at the Papal Court. een Joanna. I Richard at last left Messina on 10 April, after dismanding the tower of Mategrifon. Tancred was sorry to see him go, with good reason. That same day Pope Clement Ill died at Rome; and I The story of the King's actions in Sicily is given fully in Itinerarium, pp.