A Grammar of Limbu (Mouton Grammar Library) by George van Driem

By George van Driem

The sequence builds an intensive choice of top of the range descriptions of languages all over the world. each one quantity bargains a accomplished grammatical description of a unmarried language including totally analyzed pattern texts and, if acceptable, a glossary and different correct info that is on hand at the language in query. There aren't any regulations as to language relatives or quarter, and even if specified consciousness is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and precious remedies of higher recognized languages also are incorporated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the single criterion is a excessive regular of clinical caliber.

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Extra info for A Grammar of Limbu (Mouton Grammar Library)

Sample text

C He went. I'm going. pe'gt? Go! 2. Syllable structure The canonical syllable structure 1 4 observed in native Limbu may be schematized as follows: ( Cj ( G ) ) V ( C f ) A syllable may consist of only a vowel or of a syllabic nasal (V). 1). Diphthongized syllables containing either of these two suffixes have no syllable-final consonant or coda (Cf). In syllables with an initial consonant or onset (Cj), the nucleus is not a nasal. / and /η/. Additionally, in a limited number of loan words, the following loan phonemes may occur as onsets: /g, gh, dz, dzh, t, th, d, dh, d, b, bh, r/.

Tn Ί won't quarrel'; lup 'leech', lu 'well'; ho'pma? 'burst open', ho'ma? 'bark'. l 10 1. Phonology and phonetics 'it'll get mixed', pu 'bird'; arjghotncn 'we'reP* not 1 hoarse', aTjgho'nzn 'we'reP not going to utter incantations'; mcma-tncn 'it won't get used up', mcma-ncn 'it won't get lost'. /k/ - 0: scndik 'night', scndi 'good-bye (lpi/ADH)'; phak 'swine'; pha 'bamboo'; ko'kma? 'prop up', ko'ma? 'stand guard'; O'kma? 'cry', o-ma? 'drool'; ya-k 'gift', (kcmik) ya· '(you'll) be horrified'. ma?

Kcnnunenni·? ', kcnnwnncnni· ? '. Notwithstanding all afore-mentioned distinctions, homophony abounds in Limbu. For example, some forms of the verbs setma? ma? nasi (lpi-»3ns) 'we killed some people/we killed some sacrificial animals (phudo'Q) in honour of a new guest', scttetchuge (lde-»3s/PT) 'we killed him/we slaughtered a phudo·η for a new guest". Vowel phonemes /i/ short unrounded front high vowel before a nasal: often lowered to [i] [x], eg. /Ιΐη/ [IIJJ] 'thatching' /i·/ long unrounded front high vowel [i··] /u/ short rounded back high vowel [u] /u·/ long rounded back high vowel [u:] /e·/ unrounded half-long mid-high front vowel [e·] /β/ short unrounded mid vowel [β] /ο·/ rounded half-long mid-high back vowel before a nasal: often raised to [o·] [©·], eg.

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