A Grammar of Kambera by Marian Klamer

By Marian Klamer

The sequence builds an intensive number of top of the range descriptions of languages around the globe. each one quantity deals a finished grammatical description of a unmarried language including absolutely analyzed pattern texts and, if applicable, a thesaurus and different proper details that is to be had at the language in query. There aren't any regulations as to language kin or quarter, and even if distinct consciousness is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and useful remedies of higher identified languages also are integrated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the single criterion is a excessive usual of clinical caliber.

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The structure of the root template As mentioned above, morphological categories may be seen as templates that are defined in terms of prosodic categories, such as morae, syllables, feet, or prosodic words. In this section I will use such templates to give a specification of the canonical Kambera root. e. not an affix or a clitic). A root is an element from a lexical category that may be the base of morphological derivations. In Kambera, the morphological unit 'root' coincides with the prosodic unit 'foot' — the prosodic template of a root is a foot that can be characterised in terms of its minimal and maximal size.

For prefixes) and as [u] in post- tonic position (for suffixes). 5. Word games and names In this section I will discuss evidence for the distinction between the foot and the prosodic word. The evidence comes from Kambera word games and name clippings. 3 above as a trochaic foot. Thus, the first syllable of the root has stress. The number of prefixes may range from zero to two. Each of them may form an extra syllable with the pretonic default vowel /a/. Prefix syllables are light and have no stress.

1 discuss how prosodic words relate to morpho-syntactically defined words. 6. 1. Introduction Reduplication is a word formation rule that attaches a shape-invariant unit to a base. g. be a syllable, foot or prosodic word). It is segmentally empty and receives its phonemic content from its base (McCarthy 1981, Marantz 1982). Thus a morphological process like reduplication has important phonological aspects, and therefore it is discussed in this chapter on Kambera phonology. e. the reduplicative base); secondly, the nature of the item attached; and thirdly, the position where the item is attached.

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