By David John Weber
This can be a finished, nonformal description of a Quechua language of imperative Peru, incorporating either structural and practical insights. themes comprise: the demographic state of affairs, an creation to the syntax, notice and suffix sessions, morphology, case family members, passives, sizeable words, relative clauses, enhances, adverbial clauses, reduplication, query formation, negation, conjunction, evidential suffixes, the subject marker, idioms and formulaic expressions, phonology, and personal loan tactics.
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5, to show that the derived structure of an organic causative is a simple sentence. 3, provides us with a test for the constituency of a nominal. This will be used, for example, to show in ch. 4 that the tvis-nominal ('for' nominal) is not a constituent of the chomeur of the sentential subject in object-raised sentences. 3 Suppletion In Georgian there are certain verbs that arc supplctivl! for ani macy of 4. Some necessary preliminaries 19 t he direct object, number of the direct object, or number of the sub jl' 't.
8) (a) gela aris ekimi. ' 4. Some necessary preliminaries 13 (b) gela ekimia. ' As we can see by comparing (6) with (5) and (7-8), -a occurs after vowels, -aa after consonants. It is most natural for the cliticization rule to apply wherever its input conditions are met, except when the word aris is emphasized. Because -a is more natural than aris, most of the examples given in this work use -a ; it will be glossed as in the (b) examples above. I have called -a a clitic because it can never bear stress; nor can there be a pause between the enclitic and the word to which it attaches.
This can be seen in (32), where the animate 1 I ! l i cet in (a) triggers Number Agreement, but the inanimate subject I I I ( h) fails to do so. ' C \ .! (a) (mutebi goraven. rtebi goravs. balls it-rolls 'The balls are rolling. ' 22 Introduction Although this dichotomy is required by prescriptive norms, the rule is not always followed by speakers. Most of the examples given here do follow the rule, and the verb is glossed in the singular when a plural fails to trigger Number Agreement, as in (32b).