50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board

This publication describes the improvement of ocean sciences during the last 50 years, highlighting the contributions of the nationwide technological know-how starting place (NSF) to the field's growth. some of the people who participated within the fascinating discoveries in organic oceanography, chemical oceanography, actual oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics describe within the publication how the discoveries have been made attainable through combos of insightful members, new know-how, and every now and then, serendipity.

as well as describing the development of ocean technological know-how, the publication examines the institutional constructions and know-how that made the advances attainable and offers visions of the field's destiny. This e-book is the first-ever documentation of the background of NSF’s department of Ocean Sciences, how the constitution of the department developed to its current shape, and the people who were chargeable for ocean sciences at NSF as “rotators†and profession employees over the last 50 years.

Show description

Read or Download 50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000 PDF

Similar oceanography books

In a Perfect Ocean: The State of Fisheries and Ecosystems in the North Atlantic Ocean

Fresh a long time were marked through the decline or cave in of 1 fishery after one other all over the world, from swordfish within the North Atlantic to orange roughy within the South Pacific. whereas the consequences of a cave in on neighborhood economies and fishing-dependent groups have generated a lot dialogue, little consciousness has been paid to its affects at the total well-being of the ocean's ecosystems.

Twentieth-century Marine Science: Decade by Decade

From Swedish hydrographer Otto Pettersson and the institution of the foreign Council for the Exploration of the ocean to Wallace Broecker's leap forward knowing of the oceanic conveyor belt, this quantity highlights the development of the Marine technology.

Darwin, Geodynamics and Extreme Waves

This publication examines the explanations in the back of the resonant amplification of seismic and ocean waves that experience the skill to damage towns and ocean-going vessels. utilizing Charles Darwin’s vital geophysical learn as a place to begin, it presents insights into the interplay among earthquakes with volcanoes, seaquake, and tsunami formation.

The Gulf of Mexico Basin

The target of The Geology of North the USA sequence of volumes has been to supply a complete precis or synthesis of the present geological and geophysical wisdom of the areas or matters coated by way of all of the volumes. The volumes are meant now not a lot for these so much accustomed to the sector or topic, yet for a broader viewers of earth scientists— geologists and geophysicists from at any place on the planet who are looking to tell themselves concerning the geological and geophysical configuration of the North American Plate and its surrounding areas.

Extra info for 50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000

Example text

Enlist now! Acknowledgments I thank Bruce Malfait for the data on year-by-year expenditures for drilling projects. Both he and Walter Munk made constructive suggestions on an early draft of the paper. K. Van Keuren kindly allowed use of his unpublished paper on the history of the Mohole Project. W. Hay made constructive suggestions for improvement of an earlier draft of the manuscript. I. Jones. 1981. A new global geology: Appendix III: report on Cruise LOCO 6301 with Drilling Vessel Submarex (a reprinting of the report made to NSF).

Time Scales It has been said that the special philosophical contribution of the geological sciences is the establishment of the immensity of geologic time. The elaboration and refinement of time scales have developed apace with new methods to measure the passage of relative and absolute time: superposition of strata, cross-cutting relations among rock bodies, biostratigraphy, radiometric decay, magnetic reversals, variations in isotopic compositions of strata, and rhythmically deposited sediments.

C. 28 pp. , and 51 others. 1993. 25 years of ocean drilling. Oceanus 36(4):5-133. Reiche, P. 1945. A Survey of Weathering Process and Products. Univ. New Mexico Pubs. Geol. No. 1. 87 pp. A. Hall, and A. Boersma. 1984. Pp. C. D. , (eds). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 74. S. C. Solow, H. 1963. Fortune (May):138-141,198-199, 203-204, 208-209. K. 1995. Drilling to the mantle: Project Mohole and federal support for the Earth sciences after Sputnik. Unpublished text of paper delivered at Annual Meeting, History of Science Society, Minneapolis, Minn.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.29 of 5 – based on 42 votes