By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board
This publication describes the improvement of ocean sciences during the last 50 years, highlighting the contributions of the nationwide technological know-how starting place (NSF) to the field's growth. some of the people who participated within the fascinating discoveries in organic oceanography, chemical oceanography, actual oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics describe within the publication how the discoveries have been made attainable through combos of insightful members, new know-how, and every now and then, serendipity.
as well as describing the development of ocean technological know-how, the publication examines the institutional constructions and know-how that made the advances attainable and offers visions of the field's destiny. This e-book is the first-ever documentation of the background of NSFâ€™s department of Ocean Sciences, how the constitution of the department developed to its current shape, and the people who were chargeable for ocean sciences at NSF as â€œrotatorsâ€ and profession employees over the last 50 years.
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Extra info for 50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000
Enlist now! Acknowledgments I thank Bruce Malfait for the data on year-by-year expenditures for drilling projects. Both he and Walter Munk made constructive suggestions on an early draft of the paper. K. Van Keuren kindly allowed use of his unpublished paper on the history of the Mohole Project. W. Hay made constructive suggestions for improvement of an earlier draft of the manuscript. I. Jones. 1981. A new global geology: Appendix III: report on Cruise LOCO 6301 with Drilling Vessel Submarex (a reprinting of the report made to NSF).
Time Scales It has been said that the special philosophical contribution of the geological sciences is the establishment of the immensity of geologic time. The elaboration and refinement of time scales have developed apace with new methods to measure the passage of relative and absolute time: superposition of strata, cross-cutting relations among rock bodies, biostratigraphy, radiometric decay, magnetic reversals, variations in isotopic compositions of strata, and rhythmically deposited sediments.
C. 28 pp. , and 51 others. 1993. 25 years of ocean drilling. Oceanus 36(4):5-133. Reiche, P. 1945. A Survey of Weathering Process and Products. Univ. New Mexico Pubs. Geol. No. 1. 87 pp. A. Hall, and A. Boersma. 1984. Pp. C. D. , (eds). Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 74. S. C. Solow, H. 1963. Fortune (May):138-141,198-199, 203-204, 208-209. K. 1995. Drilling to the mantle: Project Mohole and federal support for the Earth sciences after Sputnik. Unpublished text of paper delivered at Annual Meeting, History of Science Society, Minneapolis, Minn.