By Jantien E. Stoter
The rise in inner most estate worth, progress of underground and multilevel improvement, and the emergence of 3D applied sciences in making plans and GIS drives the necessity to list 3D occasions in cadastral registration. 3D Cadastre in a world Context: criminal, Organizational, and Technological elements demonstrates the right way to list 3D eventualities for you to increase perception into overlapping structures. This ebook emphasizes the technical facets of cadastral registration, targeting 4 major subject matters: context (in which 3D events in seven nations are studied); the framework for modeling 2nd and 3D events; types for a 3D cadastre; and attention of a 3D cadastre. The e-book provides initial options for matters on the topic of effective tools for 3D facts assortment, 3D info structuring and modeling, association of second and 3D items in a single atmosphere, 3D database construction and 3D examining.
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Extra info for 3D Cadastre in an International Context: Legal, Organizational, and Technological Aspects
The share can also include the right to exclusive use of certain parts of the land pertaining to the building. 2. An apartment owner means a person entitled to an apartment right. The owners of the apartment units are joint owners of the entire building and the ground below. The underlying ground may consist of several parcels, which can be disjoint. The co-ownership includes the right to have the exclusive use of a certain part of the building: the apartment unit. This means that the persons do not legally own a separate apartment unit, although the apartment ownership can be mortgaged.
The question of the existence of a centralized cadastral database is dependent on three main aspects: 1. State of the art database technology. A cadastral registration consists of an administrative and a spatial part mostly maintained in databases. For decentralized systems many databases have to be maintained, which should be avoided since databases (especially the spatial part) require expensive equipment and expertise. Technical development in the area of databases also motivates concentration at a national level, as DBMS technology favors an approach of one centralized DBMS in which all objects of interest for a specific application are maintained.
Possible future cadastral registration solutions will be shown in Chapter 11, where the prototypes developed as part of this research are applied to a selection of the case studies introduced in this chapter. Building Complexes The main characteristics of property units in building complexes are that two or more parties are involved in the ownership of the building and that different property units, often with different functions, are located within one building complex, concentrated on one or several ground parcels.